Q&A: The chores and homework battleWritten by Focus on the Family
What's inside this article
Question: My two teenagers are extremely lazy. They won’t help me around the house, and they consistently wait until the last minute to do their homework. As a single parent, I usually don’t have the energy to make them get down to work. How do I break this negative pattern?
You may think this sounds like a simplistic answer, but there’s really no way around it: the best thing you can do for your teens is to establish clear house rules on chores and homework, and then follow through. You’ll need to be consistent and firm, even when you’re tired or frustrated. If you’re not, you’re basically teaching your kids that it’s okay to be selfish and irresponsible.
Adjust your parenting style
Unless you make some major changes in your parenting style now, your children are going to have a difficult future ahead of them. In just a few short years they’ll be out of the house and living in the "real world." If you haven’t taught them personal responsibility and self-discipline, how are they going to succeed at university or hold down a job?
How can you do this? One of the practical methods you might use to encourage them to be more helpful and responsible involves something that psychologists call Premack’s Principle (a principle of operant conditioning originally identified by David Premack in 1965). Premack’s Principle states that preferred behaviours can be used to reinforce unpreferred behaviours. In application, it means that a less desirable activity needs to be completed before a person engages in a more desirable activity – as in, "You have to finish your vegetables (unpreferred) before you can eat any ice cream (preferred)."
Applying Premack's Principle
Here’s how you might apply this principle with your teens. As their mom, you probably know what their favourite activities are. Hold a family meeting with them, perhaps after dinner when everyone is in a good mood. Tell them how much you love them. Then explain that, as their mother, you are responsible to prepare them to be successful in life. Admit that you haven’t been doing a very good job of that lately and make it clear that you’re going to try to rectify that by establishing some new household rules. One of those rules will be that all homework and chores must be done immediately after school, before your kids are allowed to engage in "fun" activities, such as talking on the phone, chatting online, watching TV, listening to music or going out with friends.
You can also build in some extra incentives using a point system. Each time your teens complete a chore to your satisfaction or receive a good mark on their homework, they earn points. These points can in turn be cashed in for privileges or enjoyable activities like going to a family-friendly movie on the weekend or a trip to the mall.
The importance of follow-through
Remember that it’s not enough to set up these rules and establish this point system. Everything depends on your willingness to follow through. Stick with it even when you don’t feel like being tough. And don’t allow yourself to get sucked into arguments about the finer points of the new standards. To avoid this, we’d suggest that you put everything in writing. Draw up a contract that clearly spells out both the rules and the rewards. Each of you should sign your names to the contract and post it on the refrigerator. If you adhere to the plan faithfully for a few weeks, you should start to see some positive changes in your teenagers’ behaviour.
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